Country View Equine Clinic
1346 S. Fish Hatchery Rd, Oregon, WI 53575

Phone: (608) 291-0505 Fax: (608) 291-0855

M-F: 8AM-5PM, 24/7 Emergency Services

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Llamas and Alpacas: Preventive Medicine and Wellness

Parasites
1) External – lice, mites, ticks. Treatment can be topical (methoxychlor) or injectable(ivermectin)

llama
2) Internal – Several kinds are common
a) Coccidia (Eimeria)

Signs include diarrhea, unthrifty, deadly in young.
Some difficult to diagnose antemortem (test is available)
Treat with coccidiastats or Diclazuril

b) Cryptosporidium
Signs of diarrhea and dehydration
Treatment is supportive care
c) Roundworms
Cause hypoalbuminemia, diarrhea, poor coat, decreases
strength of immune system.
Treat with Ivermectin or fenbendazole

d) Meningeal Worm (parelaphostrongylus tenuis)
Causes neurologic signs – down, stumbling, circling, abnormal gait
Prevent with monthly Ivermectin injections
Disadvantage of prevention = resistance develops in GI worms.

Treat with anti-inflammatories, ivermectin, fenbendazole
e) Liver flukes
Live in bile ducts of liver
Need warm temps and use snails as their intermediate hosts.
Chronic disease more common with anorexia and anemia
Treat with Albendazole

Preventative Care

Vaccinations (annually)

  • Clostridium CD and Tetanus

  • Rabies


Deworming

  • Fecal egg counts twice yearly

  • Monthly Ivermectin injections SQ

  • Treatment of individuals with clinical signs


Common Diseases

Skin disease –hairloss, crusts, itching on face, axilla, groin, lower legs.

  • Ectoparasites (lice, mites, ringworm)

  • Zinc-responsive Dermatitis – need biopsy or blood zinc levels - supplement with zinc sulfate at 2g/day or Zinpro 4g/day

  • Orf (virus causing sores around the mouth)

  • Idiopathic Dermatosis-when tests for above are negative

  • Vesicular Stomatitis – reportable, feet and mouth


Digestive System

Dental disease – molar abscess, incisor reduction, fighting teeth

Esophageal choke

Colic

Ulcers

Hyperthermia (heat stress)

Very common and can be deadly

  • Normal temperature 99-101.5 F

  • Shearing, shade, sprinkler, pool all preventative

  • Treatment includes IV fluids and supportive care

  • Secondary dehydration, renal disease and infections common


Neonates

  • Failure of Passive Transfer

  • Failure to thrive

  • Diarrhea – E.coli, rotavirus, coronavirus, salmonella

  • Hypothermia

  • Equine Eastern Encephalitis

  • Rare in Camelids -2 cases in WI this summer

  • Vaccine only for equine

  • Bovine Virus Diarrhea (BVDV)

  • Abortions or persistently infected and viremic

  • Blood tests to diagnose

  • Strict biosecurity needed

  • Live vaccines not recommended, killed can be used

  • Affects sheep and goats also

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