Country View Equine Clinic
1346 S. Fish Hatchery Rd, Oregon, WI 53575

Phone: (608) 291-0505 Fax: (608) 291-0855

M-F: 8AM-5PM, 24/7 Emergency Services

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New Foal: Care from Birth to Weaning

Congratulations on your new arrival!
Here a few tips on care of your foal from birth to weaning.


First 24 hours

  • Iodine navel at least twice with tincture of iodine (7%). Do not get on foal's skin.

  • Observe for passage of manure and urination.

  • Foal should nurse colostrum within 3 hours of birth.

  • Foal should be standing within 1 hour of birth.

  • Veterinary exam - Mare and placenta, foal; blood tests and vaccinations.


Vaccinations
  • All foals should be vaccinated beginning at six months of age.

  • Potomac Horse Fever and Strangles are optional vaccines that can be given between 3 and 6 months of age in a 2 dose series.


Deworming
    Monthly deworming can be started at 2 months of age with Oxybendazole (Anthelcide®).
  • At 4 months of age use Pyrantel (Strongid®).

  • At 6 months of age use Ivermectin (Eqvalan®, Zimectrin®), then follow your regular deworming schedule.

  • If you choose to use Strongid C® for daily deworming , it should not be started until your foal is at least 4 months old.

  • We do not recommend the use of Quest® dewormer in foals.


Colts
  • Castration is usually done between 6 and 12 months of age.


Weaning
  • Complete separation, out of sight and hearing, is best. Mare and foal should be separated for 2 - 4 weeks. Most foals are weaned between 4 and 6 months of age.


Exercise
  • Pasture or daily turnout is best. Epiphysitis or joint problems can arise from too much stall rest or irregular exercise programs.


Nutrition
  • Your foal will start nibbling on hay at 1 - 3 weeks of age. When your foal is 2 - 3 weeks old, a creep feeder for grain should be set up so that the mare can't fit her head into it. A 16% protein foal grain mix should be used in the creep feeder. Always take out what is left in the feeder each day and put in fresh grain.


  • A guideline for grain feeding is 1 lb. per month of age, up to 6 months. ( i.e. a 3 month old foal can be fed 3 lbs. of grain daily.) This should be adjusted with your foal's condition. Don't feed this much if your foal is getting overweight. The ribs should be easily felt and visible when a foal is running and playing.


Coggin's Test
  • Needs to be done on a foal after weaning if the foal is being sold, shown or traveling to another state.

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